Application Domain: Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA)
Purpose: To analyze the causes and the consequences of failures (dysfunction) in large, heterogeneous systems. Failures are described together with their possible causes and probabilities, their consequences and associated severity enabling System designers to reduce dysfunctions, develop a means of diagnosis for when they do occur and arrange appropriate system maintenance.
Features: Because failures can generate other failures a criticality factor is computed linking each cause with each possible consequence. A specific algorithm has been developed to compute the criticality of causes, failures and the whole systems. Such analysis can be made on existing systems to failure analysis and maintenance scheduling, or while designing a new system to improve its reliability and ease of maintenance.